测试调优(Tune Guide)

emqttd消息服务器当前版本MQTT连接压力测试到130万,在一台12核心、32G内存的CentOS服务器上。

100万连接测试所需的Linux内核参数,网络协议栈参数,Erlang虚拟机参数,emqttd消息服务器参数设置如下:

Linux操作系统参数

系统全局允许分配的最大文件句柄数:

# 2 millions system-wide
sysctl -w fs.file-max=2097152
sysctl -w fs.nr_open=2097152
echo 2097152 > /proc/sys/fs/nr_open

允许当前会话/进程打开文件句柄数:

ulimit -n 1048576

/etc/sysctl.conf

持久化’fs.file-max’设置到/etc/sysctl.conf文件:

fs.file-max = 1048576

/etc/security/limits.conf

/etc/security/limits.conf持久化设置允许用户/进程打开文件句柄数:

*      soft   nofile      1048576
*      hard   nofile      1048576

TCP协议栈网络参数

并发连接backlog设置:

sysctl -w net.core.somaxconn=32768
sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog=16384
sysctl -w net.core.netdev_max_backlog=16384

可用知名端口范围:

sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range='1000 65535'

TCP Socket读写Buffer设置:

sysctl -w net.core.rmem_default=262144
sysctl -w net.core.wmem_default=262144
sysctl -w net.core.rmem_max=16777216
sysctl -w net.core.wmem_max=16777216
sysctl -w net.core.optmem_max=16777216

#sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_mem='16777216 16777216 16777216'
sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_rmem='1024 4096 16777216'
sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_wmem='1024 4096 16777216'

TCP连接追踪设置:

sysctl -w net.nf_conntrack_max=1000000
sysctl -w net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_max=1000000
sysctl -w net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_time_wait=30

TIME-WAIT Socket最大数量、回收与重用设置:

net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets=1048576

# 注意: 不建议开启該设置,NAT模式下可能引起连接RST
# net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
# net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1

FIN-WAIT-2 Socket超时设置:

net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 15

Erlang虚拟机参数

优化设置Erlang虚拟机启动参数,配置文件emqttd/etc/vm.args file:

## max process numbers
+P 2097152

## Sets the maximum number of simultaneously existing ports for this system
+Q 1048576

## Increase number of concurrent ports/sockets, deprecated in R17
-env ERL_MAX_PORTS 1048576

-env ERTS_MAX_PORTS 1048576

## Mnesia and SSL will create temporary ets tables.
-env ERL_MAX_ETS_TABLES 1024

## Tweak GC to run more often
-env ERL_FULLSWEEP_AFTER 1000

emqttd消息服务器参数

设置TCP监听器的Acceptor池大小,最大允许连接数。配置文件emqttd/etc/emqttd.config:

{mqtt, 1883, [
    %% Size of acceptor pool
    {acceptors, 64},

    %% Maximum number of concurrent clients
    {max_clients, 1000000},

    %% Socket Access Control
    {access, [{allow, all}]},

    %% Connection Options
    {connopts, [
        %% Rate Limit. Format is 'burst, rate', Unit is KB/Sec
        %% {rate_limit, "100,10"} %% 100K burst, 10K rate
    ]},
    ...

测试客户端设置

测试客户端服务器在一个接口上,最多只能创建65000连接:

sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range="500 65535"
echo 1000000 > /proc/sys/fs/nr_open
ulimit -n 100000

emqtt_benchmark

并发连接测试工具: http://github.com/emqtt/emqtt_benchmark